Camels of India
Camels of India have a very elaborate history; they have been used for many purposes like trade, warfare, agriculture, camel carts etc. Camel milk has played a significant role in the daily diet and health of raika community of Rajasthan. The sacred texts of Ayurveda also discuss the nutritional and medicinal values of camel milk.Some quick facts on camels:
- Camels in India are generally one humped (Camelus dromedarius). They are found in parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana. India has a small population of two humped camels (Camelus bactrianus) and it is limited to the cold desert of Nubra valley in Ladakh (Jammu & Kashmir).
- Four types of camel breeds are found in the country – Mewari, Kacchi, Bikaneri, and Jaisalmeri
- India is one of the very few countries that have an active camel corps. These corps are of great help to BSF in patrolling and guarding the border areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
- The camels helped the engineers in the construction of Indira Gandhi canal in the western part of Rajasthan.
- They are used for cart pulling and agriculture in remote parts of India.
- Average life span of a camel is 35-40 years and it weighs around 600-700 kgs.
- They have been declared as state animal of Rajasthan in 2014.
- Camel fairs at Pushkar and Bikaner attract many national and international tourists.